STJ determina devolução de passaporte retido para o pagamento de dívida

Por Valor Econômico

A apreensão de documentos, como carteira de habilitação e passaporte, para o pagamento de dívidas, prática que se tornou comum após o novo Código de Processo Civil (CPC), não vale para qualquer situação. O entendimento foi adotado pela 4ª Turma do Superior Tribunal de Justiça (STJ), em julgamento realizado ontem. Na sessão, os ministros determinaram a devolução do passaporte de um devedor.

A suspensão da carteira de motorista não foi analisada, por uma questão processual. A medida tem sido determinada por juízes de primeira instância com base no artigo 139, IV, do CPC. O artigo permite que o juiz aplique todas as medidas indutivas, coercitivas, mandamentais ou sub-rogatórias necessárias para assegurar o cumprimento de ordem judicial, inclusive nas ações que tenham por objeto prestação pecuniária.

Existem várias decisões sobre o assunto nos tribunais regionais, segundo o relator do caso, ministro Luis Felipe Salomão. E não há uniformidade. Por esse motivo, acrescentou, seria oportuna a fixação de uma diretriz pelo STJ. No caso julgado pelo tribunal, a retenção dos documentos foi determinada pela 3ª Vara Cível de Sumaré (SP), em execução de título extrajudicial. Na execução, a Escola Integrada Educativa Ltda EPP cobra R$ 16.859,10. O devedor pediu a liberação de seus documentos por meio de habeas corpus.

Ao analisar o caso, a 32ª Câmara de Direito Privado do Tribunal de Justiça do Estado de São Paulo (TJ-SP) julgou o processo extinto sem resolução do mérito. Para os desembargadores, o habeas corpus não seria o meio mais adequado para o caso. O pedido deveria ser feito por meio de agravo de instrumento. O devedor recorreu e o tema chegou ao STJ (RHC 97876).

Alegou que esse meio de coação é ilegal e afeta o seu direito fundamental de ir e vir. Em seu voto, o relator afirmou que o STJ realmente não costuma aceitar habeas corpus em situações semelhantes. Mas entende que é possível se houver ilegalidade da ordem indicada. Para Salomão, no caso, a apreensão do passaporte seria ilegal e arbitrária, por restringir o direito de ir e vir de forma desproporcional.

“No caso de cobrança de 16 mil e sem fundamentação pelo juiz de primeiro grau, pareceu coação ilegal a apreensão do passaporte. Mas vai variar caso a caso”, disse.

41 comentários

  1. Thanks for the marvelous posting! I truly enjoyed reading it, you will be a great author.I will remember to bookmark your blog and will come back very soon. I want to encourage you to ultimately continue your great writing, have a nice day!

  2. I simply want to mention I am just beginner to blogging and site-building and really liked your blog. Likely I’m likely to bookmark your website . You amazingly come with wonderful stories. Thank you for sharing your web-site.

  3. Hey! I know this is kinda off topic but I was wondering which blog platform are you using for this site? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for another platform. I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  4. Thank you for sharing superb informations. Your web-site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you’ve on this website. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for extra articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched all over the place and just could not come across. What a perfect web site.

  5. I was just searching for this information for a while. After 6 hours of continuous Googleing, finally I got it in your website. I wonder what’s the lack of Google strategy that do not rank this kind of informative sites in top of the list. Usually the top web sites are full of garbage.

  6. Can I just say what a reduction to seek out somebody who truly is aware of what theyre talking about on the internet. You definitely know how you can bring a difficulty to mild and make it important. More people have to read this and understand this side of the story. I cant believe youre not more popular because you positively have the gift.

  7. Hiya, I’m really glad I have found this info. Nowadays bloggers publish only about gossip and web stuff and this is really frustrating. A good site with interesting content, that is what I need. Thanks for making this web site, and I will be visiting again. Do you do newsletters by email?

  8. I found your blog web site on google and test a few of your early posts. Continue to maintain up the very good operate. I simply additional up your RSS feed to my MSN News Reader. Looking for forward to studying extra from you in a while!…

  9. My coder is trying to convince me to move to .net from PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the costs. But he’s tryiong none the less. I’ve been using WordPress on numerous websites for about a year and am anxious about switching to another platform. I have heard very good things about blogengine.net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content into it? Any kind of help would be really appreciated!

  10. Hi there! This article could not be written any better! Looking through this article reminds me of my previous roommate! He always kept talking about this. I most certainly will forward this article to him. Pretty sure he’s going to have a good read. Thanks for sharing!

  11. Hi, I do think this is a great site. I stumbledupon it 😉 I may revisit once again since i have saved as a favorite it. Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to help other people.

  12. Having read this I thought it was very informative. I appreciate you taking the time and effort to put this article together. I once again find myself spending way to much time both reading and commenting. But so what, it was still worth it!

  13. I loved up to you’ll obtain carried out right here. The caricature is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. nonetheless, you command get bought an shakiness over that you wish be delivering the following. unwell unquestionably come further earlier once more as exactly the same nearly a lot incessantly inside of case you protect this increase.

  14. Thanks for sharing excellent informations. Your web-site is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you’ve on this web site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for extra articles. You, my pal, ROCK! I found just the info I already searched everywhere and simply couldn’t come across. What a great web site.

  15. Thanks for sharing superb informations. Your website is very cool. I am impressed by the details that you’ve on this site. It reveals how nicely you understand this subject. Bookmarked this website page, will come back for more articles. You, my friend, ROCK! I found simply the information I already searched all over the place and simply could not come across. What a great site.

  16. Hey, you used to write magnificent, but the last few posts have been kinda boring… I miss your great writings. Past few posts are just a little out of track! come on!

  17. Hello, i read your blog occasionally and i own a similar one and i was just wondering if you get a lot of spam comments? If so how do you stop it, any plugin or anything you can recommend? I get so much lately it’s driving me insane so any help is very much appreciated.

  18. Real excellent information can be found on weblog . “I don’t know what will be used in the next world war, but the 4th will be fought with stones.” by Albert Einstein.

  19. I think this internet site has got some real good information for everyone :D. “Time–our youth–it never really goes, does it It is all held in our minds.” by Helen Hoover Santmyer.

Deixe uma resposta

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado.